Support for children and young people with Additional Learning Needs (ALN)

The National Assembly for Wales Circular 47/2006, Inclusion and Pupil Support (2006) (Welsh Version) notes that the Welsh Assembly Government has adopted the term additional learning needs in order to recognise the diverse and complex needs of learners and to reflect a more holistic approach to meeting individual pupils’ needs.  This is a wider term than special educational needs (SEN) and encompasses all learners who require additional support because they have learning needs greater than the majority of their peers, either due to their circumstances or because they have a longer-term condition or disorder. 

The term special educational needs continues to be used to identify those children and young people who have severe, complex and/or specific learning needs as defined in the Education Act 1996 and the SEN Code of Practice for Wales (2002).  Therefore SEN is viewed as a sub-category of ALN.

Circular 47/2006 also highlights a number of groups of vulnerable learners who are at higher risk of having additional learning needs listed below.  However, it notes that the list is not exhaustive and many pupils may fall into several of the categories increasing their overall vulnerability disproportionately.

The City and County of Swansea also recognises

as separate categories.

The following section summarises the support offered to the various vulnerable groups identified in the National Assembly for Wales Circular 47/2006, Inclusion and Pupil Support in the City and County of Swansea.